My projects’ production environments consist of Git, Ruby, Apache, and usually a hand full of RubyGems. These are the steps I took to set these up using Ubuntu 10.04 on my new DotBlock VPS. These steps were performed immediately after the VPS was setup, so there weren’t any additional packages/dependencies yet installed.
I use git extensively to track just about every line of code I write. Ubuntu is usually a few versions behind on git, so I choose to compile from source using these steps:
sudo -i apt-get install build-essential zlib1g-dev ibcurl4-openssl-dev tk cd /usr/local/src/ wget http://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/git-18.104.22.168.tar.bz2 tar -vjxf git-22.214.171.124.tar.bz2 cd git-126.96.36.199 ./configure --prefix=/usr/local make make install cd .. git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/git/git.git git-HEAD cd git-HEAD git archive --format=tar origin/man | tar -x -C /usr/local/share/man/ -vf - exit
Again, Ubuntu is usually several versions behind with Ruby, so I always recommend compiling from source. I like to use 1.8.7 as my “system ruby”, and then RVM to install others. Here are the steps to compile Ruby:
sudo -i apt-get install libreadline6-dev openssl bison autoconf libxml2-dev cd /usr/local/src/ wget ftp://ftp.ruby-lang.org:21/pub/ruby/1.8/ruby-1.8.7-p302.tar.gz tar -vzxf ruby-1.8.7-p302.tar.gz cd ruby-1.8.7-p302 ./configure --prefix=/usr/local make make install exit
Once Ruby is compiled, you can install RubyGems.
sudo -i cd /usr/local/src wget http://production.cf.rubygems.org/rubygems/rubygems-1.3.7.tgz tar -vzxf rubygems-1.3.7.tgz cd rubygems-1.3.7 ruby setup.rb exit
Apache 2 and Passenger (mod_rails)
With RubyGems installed, you can now setup Apache and Passenger to serve Ruby
apps over Apache. I didn’t let Ubuntu install Apache for me (by selecting LAMP
during the OS setup). If you did, run
apt-get install apache2-dev below,
apt-get install apache2 apache2-dev.
sudo -i apt-get install apache2 apache2-dev gem install passenger passenger-install-apache2-module cd /etc/apache2/mods-available/ wget https://gist.github.com/raw/702444/bfdf7232848efa47cb211b7c6fa48188f9e09898/passenger.load wget https://gist.github.com/raw/702444/18b083fb1b94a97fee28590313e642700981a57f/passenger.conf a2enmod passenger /etc/init.d/apache2 restart exit
All of the cool kids in the Ruby world use Bundler to manage gem dependencies in apps. I like to install bundler as a system gem so it is available for deploy users.
sudo gem install bundler
My database of choice is MySQL. Setup the server and gem client with:
sudo -i apt-get install mysql-server gem install mysql2 exit
Stop! Hammer Time!
You’re now ready to deploy to your new production environment!